The inner leaves, those just emerging within the central portion of the rosette, are edible after boiling with other foods or alone. Other common names Spanish dagger Adam's needle Lord's candlestick mound lily palm lily Roman candle tree lily see more A. Flowers - raw or cooked. Blooms are white clusters on long … I use third-party advertising companies to serve ads when you visit this website. Root - cooked. Size: * 15 gallon, $60.00. Read on for more Spanish bayonet information. They used the flower stalks to whip certain individuals, including patients asking to be relieved of bad dreams, or other participants who were drifting off to sleep during the ceremony. A thick, succulent mass of bitter-sweet juicy flesh. Width: 3 ft. 0 in. Flowering stem - peeled and boiled. Purple yucca is usually used as a fencing of sorts in many regions since this plant can spread easily by seed. The prices you pay for the item isn't affected, my sales commission comes out of Amazon's pocket. How: New flowers raw or cooked, flower stalks raw or cooked, fruit baked or roasted, stems raw or cooked. We know that the flowers were eaten thousands of years ago because unusually large amounts of yucca pollen have been found in some dried human feces collected from Hinds Cave (Williams-Dean 1978). The roots, leaves and fruit of yucca plants were historically used by Native Americans and continue to … Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. When the central stems or rhizomes of some yuccas are pounded and soaked in water, the resultant mix will foam due to the saponins they contain. 87-140. The seed is contained in large, plump, indehiscent, baccate fruits which frequently remain on the tree until early … Extremely drought tolerant. For example, deer and livestock relish the flowers and fruit of Spanish dagger yucca. Choose a size. The fruit is … Size: * 15 gallon, $60.00. Pollinators like butterflies, hummingbirds and moths are attracted to the flowers and wildlife are attracted to the fruit. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnography 29(3):177-252. If you would like more information about this practice and to know your choices about not having this information used by these companies, Copyright 2006 by Mark "Merriwether" Vorderbruggen. Colton, Harold S. Dead leaves form a dense thatch that covers the trunk. Dried cakes would keep for a very long time (Castetter and Opler 1936:39). Also called false yucca, red yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora) is not a true yucca. Often multi-trunked, gives a desert effect in the landscape. . The flowers are edible when picked at the right time, and the fruit of some species is edible when baked or roasted. Malki Museum Press. Willis Bell and Edward Castetter (1941:18) noted that the Apache in New Mexico, who ranged from the upper Rio Grande eastward to the area around Uvalde, had many uses for yucca. The most common types of Yucca plants are Yucca filamentosa, Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree), Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) and Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger). 17-389. Participants taking on the persona of anthropic (human-like) gods carried yucca flower stalks in both hands. Unfortunately, we have no direct ethnographic observations of its use. The thick-leaf yucca of the region is Yucca treculeana (formerly referred to as Yucca torreyi), commonly known as Spanish dagger. Castetter and Opler (1936:38-39) describe the preparation of soaptree (Yucca elata), a thin-leaf, tree-like yucca that grows throughout the Southwest. Albuquerque. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 21). Castetter Edward F., and Ruth Underhill It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. 1896 A Contribution to Ethnobotany. REGENERATION PROCESSES : Seed: Seed is flat, dull black and weighs approximately 0.005 ounce (139 mg). A large tree yucca with one or multiple trunks. It has sword-like narrow dark green leaves and is usually multi-stemmed. Irving, Robert S. Despite its bland taste, the Spanish dagger fruit is quite edible and would have provided an excellent source of carbohydrates. The University of New Mexico Bulletin, Biological Series 4(3). The Kiowa treated a number of skin problems with yucca sap (Vestal and Schultes 1939). The sword-like leaves are highly ornamental and remain bluish-green throughout the winter. Flowers - raw or cooked. Yucca leaves have strong fibers suitable for weaving and other uses, and the stems of most species can be used for soap. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information on this Web site. Leaves are pale green, 3' long, 3" to 5" wide, with stout spine tips. Vol. American Anthropologist 9:14-21 (p. 17). 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Flowering stem - peeled and boiled. The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. The authors are describing baking the "trunk" of this tall yucca, and I have tried this with a smaller species only to find that the trunk portion is too dry and fibrous for eating. 1972 Temalpakh: Cahuilla Indian Knowledge and Usage of Plants. Flowers - raw or cooked. These plants can grow up to 8-10' tall and spread wide or kept narrow depending on the number of trunks they develop. Used like asparagus. The information provided using this web site is only intended to be a general summary of information to the public. The fruit of Spanish dagger is thick and measures about four inches long. Lily palm, Spanish dagger and mound-lily yucca are all common names for Yucca gloriosa, an evergreen species of flowering shrub native to the southeastern United States. These plants can be used in all landscape styles from low water desert scapes to tropical oasis. How to Grow a Red Yucca From Its Own Seed Pods. 35-103. VII. 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Brown, Kenneth M. Texas Archaeological Laboratory. It measures 32 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 118 inches and a crown spread of 38 feet. Native to the southern regions of the United States, Mexico and other parts of Central America, the Spanish bayonet yucca plant has been used for centuries by native people for basket making, clothing, and footwear. Family: Agavaceae. 1974 Hopi History and Ethnobotany. Yucca gloriosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the southeastern United States. USDA hardiness zones: 6 through 11 (Fig. In A Preliminary Study of the Paleoecology of the Amistad Reservoir Area, edited by Dee Ann Story and V. M. Bryant, Jr., pp. The University of Texas at Austin. College Station, Texas. Whole Plant Traits: Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped blue green leaves, striped and edged creamy-yellow. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its architectural qualities, and has reportedly become established in warmer climates in the wild in various parts of the world. Its large white flowers are also a sweet culinary treat, eaten raw or fried. Texas A&M University. The western Apache shaman used the flower stalk of soaptree in healing activities, shaping it like a snake, chewing it up, and spitting on the patient (Buskirk 1986). The fruit is very rarely produced in the wild. However the upper portion of the trunk encased in leaves it still somewhat edible, if a bit soapy. Yucca treculeana Carr. The stiff, 1-2 foot (30 to 60 cm) long sword-shaped leaves droop downwards, and are either solid, deep green, or variegated. [1908-1909], pp. However, I make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding errors or omissions and assume no legal liability or responsibility for any injuries resulting from the use of information contained within. It is very similar to Yucca filamentosa , but lacks the threads along the leaves, and often has a flower spike up to 8 feet tall. Spanish Dagger features bold spikes of creamy white bell-shaped flowers rising above the foliage from mid to late summer. The thick-leaf yuccas have edible fruits, but the fruits of thin-leaf yuccas dry into a woody case that splits open, discharging the seeds. Yucca fruit are not only sweet, they are, like agaves, a very strong laxative (Colton 1974; Palmer 1871). Small exotic looking tree for frost-free areas. Pollinators like butterflies, hummingbirds and moths are attracted to the flowers and wildlife are attracted to the fruit. Scientific name: Yucca spp. They also wore yucca ribbons around their ankles and wrists (Stevenson 1915:99; 1904:130). They shaped the pulp into flatcakes, and sun-dried them. . The University of New Mexico Bulletin, Biological Series 4(5). Stems or trunks of the thin-leaf yuccas were harvested and eaten by several native groups. 1935 The Ethnobiology of the Papago Indians. In present time, Spanish bayonet is mostly grown as a dramatic landscape plant. The Use of Plants for Foods, Beverages, and Narcotics. Theme images by. Baking the stalks helps to soften any prickles. 3-634. Anthropology Research Laboratory. The fruit is up to 10 cm long and 4cm wide. The remainder was pounded into flatcakes and spread on animal hide to dry in the sun. Yucca gloriosa - Spanish Dagger. Description Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. They are delicious raw, and can also be dried, crushed and used as a flavouring. Russel, Frank Some "personators" of anthropic gods also wore a yucca leaf wrapped around their heads, and the observer took pains to emphasize that the yucca band was not visible to the spectator. Edible parts of Spanish Bayonet: Fruit - raw or cooked. In addition to historical/ethnographic accounts, we have some experimental information on yucca fruit. 1980 Perishable Industries from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas. Bell, Willis H. and Edward F. Castetter Other uses of the herb: 1908 The Pima Indians. Quantity: Leave this field blank: Yucca gloriosa 'Lone Star' There are no archeological findings of yucca seeds from the South Texas Plains, probably due to a lack of research. Other Uses. Fewkes, J. Walter Leaf margins on Spanish dagger are smooth, whereas those on Spanish … Andrews, Rhonda L., and James M. Adovasio Slow growing evergreen shrub or tree to 8-10 feet tall and 3-6 feet wide. Spanish Dagger, Yucca Archeological Occurrences. Mojave yucca generally grows from 9.2 to 14.8 feet (2.8-4.5 m) tall, although specimens as tall as 30 feet (9 m) have been reported. Recognizing the effectiveness of saponins as a hemolytic compound, the Ramah Navajo used the sap from leaves as arrow-tip poison (Vestal 1952). Edible parts of Spanish Dagger: Fruit - raw or cooked. However, the similar and widespread banana yucca or datil, Yucca baccata, is well-documented, having a distribution that stretches from western Texas throughout northern reaches of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. The fruit is up to 10cm long and 26mm wide. Sarasota - Spanish Bayonet Plant photograph by Roger W. Yucca is an excellent source of soap or detergent. Yucca constricta Buckl.Liliaceae (Lily Family). Used like asparagus. Emerging flower stalks were collected "just as they came into bloom", roasted on coals (Castetter and Opler 1936:38). The fruit is … Many groups used yucca as soap for bathing, and for washing clothing, hair, and any thing else that needed cleaning. The roots, leaves and fruit of yucca plants were historically used by Native Americans and continue to be used in modern times. Buskirk, Winfred Like the agaves, the yuccas store carbohydrates linked to steroids in a class of chemicals called saponins -- a toxic, soapy compound. Norman. Scientific name: Yucca gloriosa. The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. 1871 Food Plants of the North American Indians. Yucca constricta, with distinctive narrow leaves. Ius ea quod sint torquatos, id vis utinam nominavi adipiscing. Eat the Weeds- Green Deane's guide to edible plants. Morongo Indian Reservation, Banning, California. National Science Foundation Final Report (GS-667). Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. Tee Lily, Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Soft Tipped Yucca, Sea Islands Yucca, Roman Candle, Palm Lily, Mound Lily Yucca, Lord's Candlestick, Glorious Yucca, Adam's Needle, Mound Lily . Quantity: Leave this field blank: Yucca gloriosa 'Lone Star' The sweet juice drained from the fruits while being pounded and shaped into cakes was usually consumed or poured over the cakes. American Antiquity 64(4): 659-674. Most informants emphasize that the flowers had to be picked "at the right time". - 15 ft. 0 in. Yucca constricta in bloom. 1991 Prehistoric Economics at Baker Cave: A Plan for Research. These plants can be used in all landscape styles from low water desert scapes to tropical oasis. Leaves are pale green, 3' long, 3" to 5" wide, with stout spine tips. A crisp texture. 1979 Pollen and Plant Macrofossil Vegetation Record Recovered from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas. Dead leaves form a dense thatch that covers the trunk. 1941 Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest. . The Utilization of Yucca, Sotol, and Beargrass by the Aborigines in the American Southwest. Looks similar to Yucca flaccida and Yucca smalliana. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa) are smooth, whereas those on Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) are rough. Growing to 2.5 m (8 ft), it is an evergreen shrub. Like the agaves, the yuccas store carbohydrates in their stems, and some groups harvested yucca stems, baking them in earth ovens in a fashion similar to lechuguilla and sotol. Planting month for … College Station, Texas. Many other parts of the yucca were concocted into laxative potions. The crowns of this species were gathered any time from the middle of March to the end of summer, the portion of the stem from the ground to the leaves being peeled and baked overnight in an underground oven. My experience is that the flower stalks have to be removed within a few days after they emerge and long before they bloom, or they become far too fibrous and tasteless to eat, even after baking them. EthonoHerbalist - Science facts behind traditional herbs. - 15 ft. 0 in. 1932 This is clearly the case, as yucca flowers can either grace a salad or ruin it, depending on how soon the harvester got to the plant after it began to bloom, and which plant one picks. Blooms clusters of greenish-white flowers in summer over long pointy leaves. Ethnology Monographs Number 5. 1936 The Ethnobiology of the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. . Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped … Most groups within its range harvested the fruits, then roasted or baked them. A large plate of this tasty treat will keep you running like the Eveready bunny. Play Value: Wildlife Food Source Edibility: The flowers can be served as a salad or cooked. Neal Stilley has conducted several experiments cooking both banana yucca and Spanish dagger (Yucca treculeana). By the time the flower buds are visible, the sugar has been expended and the stalk is about as palatable as manila rope. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Despite its bland taste, the Spanish dagger fruit is quite edible and would have provided an excellent source of carbohydrates. Some groups, like the Gila Pima, boiled the fruit, dried it, and pounded it into a sweet meal (Russell 1908). Other Uses. Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped blue green leaves, striped and edged creamy-yellow. III. Yucca infests about 19 million acres of Texas rangeland, mostly in the western two-thirds of the state. What: young flowers; flower stalks on both thick and thin-leaf yuccas before flowers appear; edible fruit of thick-leaf yucca (Yucca treculeana). I participate in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Native peoples of the region used the tough leaves for fiber, the central stem for a strong soap/detergent, and they probably baked the central stem for food. The figure at right shows edible flower stalks that have been picked long before the flowers begin to emerge. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round. Nice Plant untill you Throw a Box into it and the Leaves them self go thure the box. Individual plants may live for … This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. . The yucca plant is also known as spoon-leaf, silk-grass, needle-palm, bear-grass, Spanish bayonet, common yucca, and Adam's needle. Play Value: Wildlife Food Source Edibility: The flowers can be served as a salad or cooked. They also used the leaves to attach material to house frames (Castetter and Underhill 1935:54). USDA Report to the Commissioner of Agriculture for 1870. Whole Plant Traits: It is likely that they used the yuccas of southern Texas in similar ways to they used the closely related yuccas in their western range. Vol. We can infer this behavior because yucca pollen is never released into the air; in order for large quantities of pollen to be recovered someone had to be eating the flowers (Williams-Dean 1978). Omnium veritus vix no, mazim eruditi oporteat an sit. Yucca schidigera, also known as the Mojave yucca or Spanish dagger, is a flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert, Chihuahuan Desert and Sonoran Desert of southeastern California, Baja California, New Mexico, southern Nevada and Arizona.. Flower stalks of various desert plants, picked long before blooms emerge. The resulting product is brown and sweet, tasting much like molasses or figs. Spanish Bayonet This plant, Yucca gloriosa , grows on the sand dunes and barrier islands of the southeast. Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest. The roots in some species are thickened, providing soap. The sword-like leaves are highly ornamental and remain bluish-green throughout the winter. Botanical Museum of Harvard University. Where: Sunny areas. Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. University of New Mexico bulletin, Biological Series 5(5). They roasted the fruit on hot coals, removed the blackened skin, and split it to remove the strips of seeds inside. - 5 ft. 0 in. The flower stalks of narrow-leaf yuccas are edible raw, but it's best to eat the portion just below the leaf-like bracts, because they can be a bit prickly. In Hopi Indians edited by D. A. Horr: p. 370. Choose a size. Width: 3 ft. 0 in. 1986 The Western Apache: Living with the Land Before 1950. Francis, S.D. Product Description Spanish Dagger is a full sun, drought tolerant plant the grows in many areas of the Southwest. The plump, fleshy fruit is tapered and cylindrical and contains numerous thick, dull black, wingless, ovoid seeds. Unpublished Masters Thesis. The flowers of this, and many other yuccas, are edible. Lily palm, Spanish dagger and mound-lily yucca are all common names for Yucca gloriosa, an evergreen species of flowering shrub native to the southeastern United States. Blooms are white clusters on long … It has attractive bluish-green foliage. Abundance: common. 1978 Ethnobotany and Cultural Ecology of Prehistoric Man in Southwest Texas. The Papago used the leaves or the fiber from the leaves to weave mats or to tie basket coils. Yucca played an interesting, perhaps even significant role in Zuni ceremonialism. The most common types of Yucca plants are Yucca filamentosa, Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree), Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) and Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger). Edible parts of Spanish Bayonet: Fruit - raw or cooked. Blooms clusters of greenish-white flowers in summer over long pointy leaves. The Yavapai ripened the fruits by burying them under a mound of earth or soaking them in water (Gifford 1932).The Mescalero and Chiricahua Apache collected the fruits before they were fully ripe, placed them on bluestem grass, and covered them with grass in full sunlight so that the warmth would continue the ripening process. Historically used by native Americans and continue to be picked `` at right... Mats in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips J. 1979...: fruit - raw or cooked bayonet spanish dagger fruit are smooth, whereas those on aloifolia... Its bland taste, the fruit Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40 ( 4:1-94! And 26mm wide greenish-white flowers in summer over long pointy leaves been used to weave mats or tie., providing soap Land before 1950 findings abound usually multi-stemmed North America Star'... In the South Texas Plains, probably... Medicine of yucca roots to treat vermin-infested (! A. and Richard E. 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