The king’s men, however, were jealous of the king’s kindness to An Tiêm, so they started spreading bad rumors about An Tiêm, saying he had plans to overthrow the king. A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet, edible, and fleshy fruit.The word "melon" can refer to either the plant or specifically to the fruit. Introduction Watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus L., 2n = 2x = 22), originated in South Africa, and is an economically important fruit crop, like cucumber ( Cucumis sativus … It occupies 7% of the total cultivated land of fruits and vegetables. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Watermelon can be seeded or seedless, hybrid or open-pollinated; ... Introduction. Introduction a  Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an important cucurbitaceous vegetable.It is know as tarbuj, tarmuj, kalinda and kalindi in different parts of India.Though it can be grown in garden land, it is a major river-bed crop of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. But I often hear cautions on eating watermelon—that it is high glycemic, … Some have a green rind on the outside and a red-pink flesh on the inside, with brown seeds. Watermelon is a delicious and refreshing fruit that’s also good for you. Inflammation is a key driver of many chronic diseases. But later when the birds came to eat the fruit, they seemed to be calling “tây qua”, so they decided to call it that. Watermelon is the third … Honeybees must pollinate the watermelon blossom for fruit to be produced. The fruits had bright red insides that were very juicy and sweet, so An Tiêm called it dÆ°a đỏ, or red melon. The watermelons are grown in regions like tropical and sub – tropical regions. Texas vegetable crop values over the past eight years have ranged from a high of $433,136,000 in 2003 to a low of $314,922,000 in 2000. Watermelon belongs to Curcurbitaceae (gourd) family. Abstract. - Sharing information, expertise, and technologies - Discounted participation in international conferences - Participation in human resource development programs, Back to > Major Fruits | Minor Fruits | Underutilized Fruits, Your email address will not be published. Watermelon juice is proven to be a very concentrated source of carotenoid, namely lycopene. Watermelon is an important fruit crop. Eventually these seeds grew into plants that bore green fruits as large as people’s heads. The causal fungus is named Fusarium oxysporum forma specialis (“special form”) niveum, which is commonly abbreviated as FON. One day An Tiêm decided to carve a letter onto a watermelon and cast it into the ocean, and the king finds the watermelon back at the kingdom. Production has declined in the past years. Fusarium wilt of watermelon is the most widespread and destructive disease of watermelon in the southeastern United States and other areas of the world. Introduction: Watermelons ( Citrullis vulgaris) refer to both fruit and plant of a vine-like (climber and trailer) herb originally from southern Africa and one of the most common types of melon are a member of the cucurbit family, which also includes rock-melons, honeydew melons, cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, zucchini and other gourds. So An Tiêm and his family were sent away to a remote island where they had to farm and hunt their own food. Common Watermelon Growing Areas in Uganda The fruit is grown in most parts of the Country however it’s mostly grown in the following areas. Watermelon is a sweet and refreshing low calorie summer snack. Introduction of Watermelon Farming:-Watermelon is a warm, long-season crop and is now grown in all tropical and subtropical areas of the globe. This fruit mostly cultivated for its fresh juice and sweet flesh. Constrain and challenges in melon breeding in Peninsular Malaysia. Watermelons are a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, along with many other kinds of squash, melons, pumpkins, and cucumbers. The flesh of this succulent fruit is over 90 percent water. A watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant originally domesticated in Africa.It is a highly cultivated edible fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties. Watermelon Farming Guide: Introduction of Watermelon Farming:- Watermelon is a warm, long-season crop and is now grown in all tropical and subtropical … Watermelon is a tender, warm-season vegetable. One day though, An Tiêm noticed a flock of birds pecking on black seeds. Watermelon may help lower inflammation and oxidative damage, since it’s rich in the anti-inflammatory antioxidants lycopene and vitamin. After harvest, growers should check watermelons for size, matu… Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L., 2n = 2x = 22), originated in South Africa, and is an economically important fruit crop, like cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), melon (Cucumis melo L.), and pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) (Anonymous, 2012).In Korea, watermelon is grown over an area of 2,726 hectares with an annual production of 92,736 tons. The rind, or tough skin, is sometimes cut into pieces and pickled. About 6% of a watermelon is sugar, which makes it very sweet.There are many different types of watermelon. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a member of the cucurbit family (Cucurbitaceae). Watermelons are valued for their juicy flesh, which is served fresh in many parts of the world. Introduction. Cécile Desbiez, Hervé Lecoq, in Reference Module in Life Sciences, 2020. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family . Powered by WordPress. Commercial cultivation of watermelon takes place on larger scale in summer season in most of the Asian countries. Indicators of watermelon fruit maturity include a yellow spot on the fruit surface in contact with soil or plastic mulch; a brown, dried tendril where the fruit stem is joined to the watermelon vine; and a dull surface on top of the fruit. Informant is a Vietnamese American and a member of USC VSA, and grew up learning a lot about Vietnamese culture at home and at school.Â. This flowering plant produces a special type of fruit known by botanists as a pepo, which has a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp); pepos are derived from an inferior ovary and are characteristic of the Cucurbitaceae. Here, in my opinion and experience, is THE Best Way to Prepare, De-Seed, and Serve the Queen of Fruit, Watermelon. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family that includes many economically important domesticated species such as cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), melon (Cucumis melo L.), squash and pumpkin (including Cucurbita pepo, C. moschata and C. maxima).The genus Citrullus (2n = 2x = 22) includes C. lanatus … He only had one daughter so he adopted a son, who he loved as his own. Introduction: 1.1 Background • Watermelon is a warm season crop • Popular fruit for fresh consumption and agro-processing, such as juice making • It contains about 6 … 6. They are popular as a desert vegetable; they are available round the year. Gardeners in northern areas should choose early varieties and use transplants. Proc. Watermelons are hand-harvested at full maturity for best taste and texture. Because individual fruits are pollinated at different times, multiple harvests are usually necessary. Many many years ago Vietnam was ruled by a king who was known for his kindness. Seedless watermelons are the result of crossing a normal (diploid) watermelon with one that has had its chromosome number doubled to form a tetraploid strain with four sets of chromosomes. It is a newly introduced cash crop gaining a high level of economic importance in the generation of … However, much of the It provides hydration and also essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Because of that, the king sent for An Tiêm and they all lived back at the kingdom, happily ever after. The plants grow as vines and produce separate male and female flowers. Introduction: Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a tropical fruit, belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a flowering plant originally from south Africa. Some decrease has been the result of increased yields. A scrambling and trailing vine-like plant, it was originally domesticated in Africa. Eventually the boy, An Tiêm, married the daughter, and they all lived happily together. One day An Tiêm decided to carve a letter onto a watermelon and cast it into the ocean, and the king finds the watermelon back at the kingdom. The watermelon fruit, loosely considered a type of melon (although not in the genus, Virtual workshop series on “Safeguarding the Banana Industry from Fusarium Wilt: Research Updates and Opportunities in Asia Pacific”, Phytosanitary Requirements for Selected Tropical Fruits, USA: Early watermelon crops facing problems, PAKISTAN: Bumper watermelon harvest pushes prices down, PHILIPPINES: Pineapple, watermelon growers post record ROI, TIPS: Protect Watermelon Plantings From Wrath of Fusarium Wilt. The watermelons sustained An Tiêm’s family, but after a while, the king started to really miss his children. Introduction to watermelon farming in Kenya. WMV is the causal agent of one of the first described cucurbit mosaic virus disease, while ZYMV emerged as a major cucurbit pathogen causing severe yield losses only in the … The exception is for dwarf cultivars where the plants can be grown at a tighter spacing. Introduction. He was curious what they were, so he took some seeds home. The present study was carried out to estimate … The crop is grown commercially in areas with long frost-free warm periods. “The column of watermelon peel from 5hpk.com”. Common names: Watermelon Family name: Cucurbitaceae Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a warm, long-season crop. Your email address will not be published. May Help Prevent Macular Degeneration Watermelon Done Right: De-Seed Like a Pro: Watermelon is a passionate, deeply luscious fruit that demands to be treated like the lady she is. Watermelon's botanical name, Citrullus vulgaris, comes from the diminutive form of citrus, referring to the color and shape of the fruit, and vulgaris meaning common or ordinary fruit. By: Catherine Ebeling Co-author of the best-sellers: The Fat Burning Kitchen, The Top 101 Foods that Fight Aging & The Diabetes Fix Nothing says “Summer” better than a cool, refreshing, sweet, juicy, delicious slice of ripe watermelon—no matter what time of year it is. The history of watermelons is a long one. Discovering that his family was still alive and discovering the new fruit, the king was overjoyed and proud of his son. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, with more than 1,000 varieties. The Texas vegetable industry has an annual, on-farm value averaging approximately $350,000,000 (Figure I-2.) Plants must be grown at a wide spacing because of their long, trailing vines. Discovering that his family was still alive and discovering the new fruit, the king was overjoyed and proud of his son. A noteworthy advance in watermelon improvement was made with the introduction of seedless watermelons in the 1950s. Designed using Magazine News Byte Premium. Required fields are marked *. Classification. An on-station experiment was carried out in northern Namibia to compare local landraces of watermelon to modern varieties. Introduction Watermelon ( Citrulus lanatus ) is native to tropical Africa and it is a popular thirst-quencher during hot summer weather. Pests of Watermelon: The biggest watermelon pest is the leaf-eating beetles (they damage the flowers, too) like spotted and striped cucumber beetles, pumpkin beetles with or without dots, whatever you want to call them. Watermelon can be grown from seed or transplants from a nursery. Domestication and selective breeding have resulted in intensely sweet large fruits with tender flesh and fewer seeds. It contains only 46 calories per cup but is high in vitamin C, vitamin A and many healthy plant compounds. Watermelon has been marginally competitive in the 2000 to 2003 production seasons as a vegetable crop. The watermelon is originated from the genus of Citrullus. Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) are two major cucurbit-infecting potyviruses. Those orange things… They all look similar and all do the same: chomp away on your watermelon plants… Watermelon is the fifth most consumed fleshy fruit worldwide, with a global yield of 118 million tons in 2017 1. There is a Sanskrit word for watermelon, and fruits are depicted in early Egyptian art, indicating an antiquity in agriculture of more than 4,000 years. Watermelons can be grown in all parts of the country, but the warmer temperatures and longer growing season of southern areas especially favor this vegetable. Watermelon. Part of the gourd family, the watermelon is a large, sweet fruit that grows on a vine. The flesh can also be juiced to make drinks. When the king himself heard, he was distraught and decided that exiling An Tiêm would be the best solution, because he believed An Tiêm was able to survive outside the kingdom. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out where its English common name, watermelon, comes from. Three groups of local watermelon are distinguished by farmers in Namibia: watermelons for fresh consumption, cooking melons used for porridge, and seed melons for oil pressing. With high yields, short maturity period and ready market, commercial watermelon farming is being embraced by … It is a fruit, which is a special kind referred by botanists as a pepo, a berry that has …  Salleh, H. (1986). Of the Plant and Animal Breeding Workshop, Serdang: MARDI, http://home.howstuffworks.com/watermelon3.htm. Citrulus lanatus ) is a key driver of many chronic diseases had bright red insides that were very and. 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