Establishment Silver maple may begin producing seed as early as 11 Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Maple Planting Distance A rule of thumb when spacing trees is to base it on their expected canopy spread, according to the University of Florida. They also have aggressive root systems that can infiltrate sewer systems. Silver maple is susceptible to fire damage because of its thin bark, soft wood, and shallow/surface roots; surface fires kill seedlings and saplings and wound larger trees, exacerbating the tendency to rot (Sullivan, 1994). These become big trees, at least 50 to 60 feet tall and nearly as wide. Silver maple’s large vigorous roots can also damage sidewalks and driveways, as well as sewer and drain pipes. The silver maple is the fastest growing of any maple species. As the name implies the swap white oak is a bottomland species but does not grow in a swamp. Their vase-shaped growth habit can top out at anywhere from 50 to 80 feet (15 to 24.5 m.) tall depending on location and can be 35 to 50 feet (10.5 to 15 m.) wide. Otherwise, ‘heel in’ the seedlings with soil over the roots until you can plant early next spring. Silver maples were a staple in many new towns and homesteads on the frontier. Press calculate to get the tree value and multiply that number by the number of trees in the woodlot to get a total timber value. Plant Package Type. The Silver Maple tree is notoriously weak-wooded and is easily damaged in storms. Because of this water tolerance, silver maples were often planted along river banks or edges of other waterways for erosion control. Acer saccharinum (A-sir sah-kar-RINE-um) Aceraceae (Maple Family) Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 40 to 80 feet SPREAD: 20 to 30 feet FINAL SPACING: Do not plant NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Its most common habitat are the nurseries that sell junk trees. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. The silver maple tree (Acer saccharinum) is one the most common trees of North America. Its offense is that it grows so large, that if planted in a narrow tree lawn or too close to a building, it is inevitable that conflicts with concrete result. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. Silver maple can be managed on Watering: This tree can tolerate wet or dry conditions. I don’t know what to do with my trees? If possible, space the trees between 40 and 50 feet apart for the best root and canopy spacing. The wood of the silver maple is brittle The root system is shallow and fibrous and is known to damage sewer pipes and well as basement walls. It is a large 80 FT spreading oak that can endure weeks of flooding but not constantly wet soil. Warranty. Its leaves provide food for deer, rabbits, cecropia moth caterpillars, and white tussock moth caterpillars. Their rapid growth provided quick shade — and they weren’t at all fussy about where they were planted. There are few cultivars of Silver Maple, all have weak wood. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. In addition to wanting adequate space, maple trees by and large do best in full sun. Hardy in zones 3-9, silver maple tree growth is about 2 feet (0.5 m.) or more per year. And to someone too old to delight in sticking jumbo seed pods on his nose, well, they are just plain litter. The red maple will reach heights of 40 to 60 feet and widths of 25 to 45 feet. Continue reading to learn more silver maple tree information. Minimum Spacing (Feet) 45. The average size of a Silver Maple is about 50 feet tall by 30 feet wide. Founded in 1972, the...Read More, The Arbor Day Foundation and Quilted Northern®, Planting Two Million Trees Together, Replanting Rain Forests During a Pandemic, Spreading Holiday Cheer: How One Tree Becomes 50,000, Wildfire Restoration 101: How to Drive Recovery and Prevent Future Disaster. It can easily reach 50 feet in height within 20 years. The wood of the silver maple is brittle Fast growth has become the name of the game in the world of landscaping, and the silver maple is a champ in this department. Size According to Maple-Trees.com, the silver maple is larger, growing to heights of 50 to 70 feet and widths of 40 to 60 feet. The species is ideal for wet bottomland sites and can easily recover from extended periods of flooding. IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION: Upright to spreading tree that tends to have slender drooping … Sign up for our newsletter. James has a strong background and knowledge in forestry and tree care working in several forestry related jobs for the US Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, Arbor Day Foundation, and as a Professor at the University of Idaho. Another name sometimes used is river maple, which is also appropriate given its natural habitat in the rich, moist soil of floodplains. Grows well in most places zone 3-8 but does not like high PH soils and can cause yellowing of the leaves. The ‘Silver Queen’ is nearly seedless however. 2. Planting a maple tree from a seed will take several years before you see any kind of large tree. When installing multiple Autumn Blaze Maple ® trees, leave at least 40 feet of spacing between the trees so that they do not grow together. It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling … Hardy in zones 3-9, silver maple tree growth is about 2 feet (0.5 m.) or more per year. Silver Maple can also be a prolific seeder, sprouting many new trees. Warranty. 1-year. They can tolerate high water levels in spring and receding water levels in midsummer. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Red maple trees should be planted in a location in full sun and ample moisture in the soil. The soft wood that is prone to forming holes or cavities can also be prone to fungus or grubs. Silver maples, wrote naturalist Donald Peattie, “impart to every stream and bank where they grow, to every big red Hoosier barn and little white farmhouse, to all the village streets and the long straight roads where they have been planted, an air at once of dignity and lively grace, a combination rare in a tree as in a human.”. If deer browsing is a problem, an 8-foot woven-wire fence erected around the entire project area may be more cost effective. The bark, too, is silver in color, particularly when the tree is young. While they were once widely used as quick growing street trees or shade trees for landscapes, silver maples are not so popular in recent years because their brittle limbs are prone to breakage from strong winds or heavy snow or ice. They are shallow-rooting trees that need cool, moist, shaded soil, yet their canopies need plenty of sun. Sugar maple is Canada’s national tree, and it is famous for the maple sugar produced from its sap. Plant your Silver Maples with some spacing from power lines, structures, sidewalks and sewer lines. This species has become over planted. All flowers on one tree are nearly synchronous. Another drawback to silver maples is that their prolific, winged seed pairs are highly viable and seedlings will quickly sprout up in any open soil without any special requirements, like stratification. The species is ideal for wet bottomland sites and can easily recover from extended periods of flooding. The species name, saccharinum, is a variation of the Latin and Green words for “sugar.” This, too, is descriptive, as the sap, must be boiled longer to bring it to the right level of sweetness we value at the breakfast table. These hybrids are fast growing like silver maples but more durable against strong winds and heavy snow or ice. Varieties in the Acer freemanii include: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. With even a light wind, the tree produces a lovely shimmery effect thanks to the silvery undersides of its leaves. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. It could freeze tomorrow ! Silver maple has gotten into enough mischief that it is banned as a street tree in some communities. Their massive trunks remind us of how long they have stood there, providing a link with the past in a fast-paced world that seems ever looking ahead. In natural areas, their early spring blooms are important to bees and other pollinators. 13.35-Gallon Silver Maple Shade Tree in Pot (L1124) Item #588890 Model #NURSERY. Silver maple flowers in (February)March-April(May), before the leaves, usually before red maple. Flashes of silver beneath their leaves signal updrafts and approach of rain, and their spring shower of large, twirling seeds is a delight to children. In recent years, red maples and silver maples have been bred together to create the hybrid Acer freemanii. Step 1 Know what species of birch you are planting. They should not be planted near your home or any other area where safety is an issue. Growing silver maple trees are prone to forming deep holes or cavities that provide homes for raccoons, opossums, squirrels, bats, owls, and other birds. Water sprouts are common, requiring frequent pruning to keep tidy. With that done, your help can move the plumb stick towards the laser every 5 feet (using the tree spacing example above) where your helper marks the spot to plant each tree. Maple 'Autumn Blaze' would make a great tree choice to line a driveway -- assuming you've got the space to do it. Acer is said to come from the Celtic word, ac, meaning “hard.” It is applied to the maple genus to denote the density of wood found in this group of trees. Elders among the silver maples are a friendly sight in communities throughout America. If planting a silver maple tree is a project you’d like to undertake but without the downsides, then opt for one of these hybrid types instead. Prescribed fire is not recommended where silver maple is a desirable species. Common in older landscapes because of their quick growth, even the slightest breeze can make the silver undersides of silver maple trees look like the whole tree is shimmering. They also have prettier fall colors, usually in reds and oranges, unlike the yellow fall color of silver maples. Catch up on Red Maple: Sunset in the Forest. I want to cut them down and make more room for more productive gardening, but the co-owner wants to leave them be, so last year, I tapped the trees. Plant Package Type. Cons of Planting Maple Trees (Tonya’s viewpoint) The allure of maple trees is undeniable. Mulch around the canopy, but not near the trunk, to help the tree maintain moisture. 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The next step is to enter the height and diameter of the one tree into the tree value calculator at the top of this page then select tree type. Silver maple is a fast growing, long-lived tree native to eastern Nebraska. But times change. 1-year. Silver maple planted at a spacing of 3.65 x 3.65 m have the largest diameters but stem form is poor. They reach maturity anywhere from 10 to 15 years after planting and can reach heights of 40 to 50 feet, with a mature width of about 30 feet. Putting organic mulch around the tree can also aid in holding in moisture. The silver maple is the fastest growing of any maple species. Silver maple can be used in riparian buffer plantings. Fruiting occurs in April-June, maturing about 3 weeks after pollination and all released over a short period, usually less than 2 weeks. Their vase-shaped growth habit can top out at anywhere from 50 to 80 feet (15 to 24.5 m.) tall depending on location and can be 35 to 50 feet (10.5 to 15 m.) wide. If there were heroes among trees, silver maples would certainly be candidates for a medal. Its roots get into trouble too, where space is inadequate, and branches often break under the load of ice or snow. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. This tree grows well in both wet and dry conditions. Do I keep them in water or should I plant into pots until spring ? Spacing Your Autumn Blaze Maple You can plant your Autumn Blaze Maples every 10 to 20 feet, depending on how tight you’d like to cluster your trees. It is a very nice yard tree and a good windbreak tree. Near waterways, beavers often eat silver maple bark and use their limbs for building beaver dams and lodges. Their prolific seeds are eaten by grosbeaks, finches, wild turkeys, ducks, squirrels, and chipmunks. Dry roots are a young tree’s worst enemy. Take into account differing heights of different kinds of maple trees if you are planting a group of them; shorter maples will welcome the sun as much as larger ones, which should be spaced … It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall. Medium-sized trees, such as fruit trees, birch trees, or larger Japanese maple – allow 20 feet Large-trees, like sugar maple, oaks, Gingko, or flowering pear – allow 30 to 50 feet Large, aggressive trees like poplars, silver maple or willows – allow 100 feet Distance From Buildings and Other Trees In addition to their use as fast-growing shade trees, silver maples were also widely planted in reforestation projects. Silver maples (Acer saccharinum) prefer to grow in moist, slightly acidic soil. Once the row is planted with trees, you simply measure 20 feet from the two starting points and repeat until the entire acre is … The red maple is best grown in soil that has a pH of neutral to acidic in the range of 3.7 to 7.0. It performs well on uplands, but does not tolerate alkaline or calcareous soil or drought conditions. This can make them a pest to agriculture fields and quite annoying to home gardeners. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Tree shelters are expensive and may not be economical for large projects. It performs well on uplands, but does not tolerate alkaline or calcareous soil or drought conditions. You landscaping, which is anchored by a maple tree, will make a powerful statement as people first see your yard. Learn how your comment data is processed. Silver maple can be used in riparian buffer plantings. The common name for silver maple is highly appropriate. 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