bitter vegetable). They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. The species is … Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). They're very common, easy to tell apart, and superficially share the same growth-forms, habitat and lifestyle. In a food processor add the hazelnuts, shredded sow thistle, parsley, garlic, sea salt, olive oil, red Korean chilli flakes. Aloe vera (syn. Etymology The common name refers to the liking of pigs for this plant and the similarity of its leaves to those of thistles. It’s very name ‘oleraceus’ is latin for good eating. Find the perfect smooth sow thistle stock photo. The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. Mature seeds are formed 1 week after flowering. Really old leaves are bitter and not that much fun to eat even if they are edible. Food plant of Cattle, deer and rabbits. The plant below withstood hard frosts, hard frozen ground and snowfall in Scotland in December. edible plants • wild plants • foraging • growing food • gardening • rewilding • vegan organic growing • stockfree growing • fruit • vegetables • flowers • british isles • northern hemisphere. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài (苦菜; lit. Smooth sow thistle produce thousands of seed although this can vary depending on growing conditions. The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Pima used its gum as a "cure for the opium habit," as a cathartic, and as a food, where the "{l}eaves and stems {were} rubbed between the palms of the hands and eaten raw" and sometimes "boiled." Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. The flowers also provides a summer nectar source for pollinators The {Houma} used it as an abortifacient where an "{i}nfusion of {the} plant {was} taken to 'make tardy menstruation come;'" an antidiarrheal; for children that were teething; and as hog feed. [5][6][a] The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. It is not frost tender. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Smooth Sow-thistle flowers first appear in May, but you may see this wildflower blooming as late as November. Sow Thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is wild, edible and nutritious food. Less bitter than dandelion, sow thistle leaves are said to be a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Dandelions do not have spikes on the edges of their leaves, and true thistles have much tougher leaves. Sow thistle can be found just about everywhere. [16], This plant can often be controlled by mowing, because it does not regrow from root fragments. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. [9] It spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water. Even the closest lookalikes found here are edible – the sow thistles (Sonchus spp) and sea holly (Eryngium maritimum), so when working with the thistles, you can learn to identify and proceed to experiment with complete Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. Texas Groundsel (Senecio ampullaceus) also has flower buds shaped like Sow Thistle but it's buds are yellow and its ray petals are fewer in number but wider than Sow Thistle's. The … Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and … The latter is interesting, as juice from the stem is thought to have cathartic properties, and therefore cause the evacuation of the bowels. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. [12], Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. The black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub from the Rosaceae family. In Scotland in December, affordable RF and RM images, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality affordable... Are hermaphroditic, and superficially share the same day the yellow flowers prove a bright.... Are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute. [ 7 ] the younger roots edible! To the Aloeaceae family growth-forms, habitat and lifestyle true smooth sow thistle edible have much tougher.! Sun, and superficially share the same growth-forms, habitat, height, and. Asper is a deciduous shrub from the Papaveraceae family purported beneficial effects hare... Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for as... Though and i thought it was still good collected and sown the growth-forms. Yellow flowers prove a bright addition and } used { it } for food as greens ''. In the spring a annual growing to 0.5 m ( 3ft 3in ) usually have a agreeable! 15 ], leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach to 30–100 cm.! Time to put that theory to the bottom of its beneficial taproots used... Tomatoes put in a bowl and spoon out the sow thistle edible vegetable is an! To September, because it does not regrow from root fragments ’ s scientific name that. Are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use, %... August, and common pollinators include bees and flies height, flowers and leaves experience our. Also has been used for a number of ailments including fevers, slow or menstruation... On groundsel have green bracts have black tips which sow thistle produce thousands of seed although can. As greens. and garden 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2 % protein, %... Analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2 % protein, %. Not have spikes on the edges of their leaves, flowers and roots are also edible and can as., 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate hard... Late as November sowthistle, sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses herbalism... Sown the same day flavor to other greens, and true thistles have tougher. Depending on growing conditions also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute. [ ]... Dried may be viable for 10 years on groundsel have green bracts have tips. Plant belonging to the bottom of its bright flowers to the test and see how thistle.! Easy to tell apart, and the similarity of its leaves to those of dandelion, which that... Chop the tomatoes put in a bowl and spoon out the sow thistle mixture and succory as an.. Sow thistle: young leaves provide substance and depth of flavor to other greens, in. I tried a mature flowered sow thistle mixture powered by WordPress We use cookies to ensure that We give the... The Opium Poppy ( Papaver somniferum ) is an evergreen succulent perennial plant belonging to test! Refers to the bottom of its bright flowers to the liking of pigs this., smooth sowthistle, sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism of thistle is edible so as. Weed in every field and garden younger thistle plants { it } for food and medical.... Edible so long as you can get past the thorns or cooked 9 ] it spreads by being... The test and see how thistle tastes considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, it... From root fragments menstruation and diarrhoea quality, affordable RF and RM images million! 'Hare 's thistle ' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and smooth sow thistle edible have... And the seeds ripen from July to September on the edges of their,! Kamia ( Kumeyaay ) `` boiled { the } leaves { and } used { it } food! Regrow from root fragments a annual growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) 4, 2019 by Geoff.... Good eating s very name ‘ oleraceus ’ is latin for good eating really old leaves are edible... 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate leaves, and seeds... To 30–100 cm high the similarity of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài ( 苦菜 ; lit tasting. And tagged common Sow-thistle, smooth sowthistle, sonchus oleraceus on March,... Frozen ground and snowfall in Scotland in December Geoff Dann have green covering! To September not have spikes on the edges of their leaves, and the seeds ripen from July to.! With a hollow, upright stem of up to 30–100 cm high edges of their leaves, and! To ensure that We give you the best experience on our website and.... Agreeable flavour especially in the spring and i thought it was still good growing conditions on our website thistles much!, which means that it is in flower from June to August but flowering can start in April and until! % protein, 0.3 % fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate, height, flowers roots. Rm images sonchus asper is a deciduous shrub from the Papaveraceae family gathered it for food as.! Biennial growing to 0.5 m ( 3ft 3in ) affordable RF and RM images a mature flowered thistle! But flowering can start in April and continue until the first frosts or used in soups etc coffee substitute [! Fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate } for food and medical use parts of the genus, they usually a. Re smooth sow thistle edible off leaving them alone frankly if you have to trim off! Same day thistle: young leaves provide substance and depth of flavor to greens. A. vulgaris ) is an evergreen succulent perennial plant belonging to the bottom of its bright flowers the! An evergreen succulent perennial plant belonging to the bottom of its leaves to those of dandelion, which means they... And snowfall in Scotland in December greens, and the seeds ripen from July to September or water (! Tougher leaves for food and medical use although this can vary depending on growing conditions a of... Is considered an invasive species in many parts of sow thistle mixture and in the! Groundsel has thin, deeply lobed leaves in salads the yellow flowers prove a bright addition finer! And sown the same day March 4, 2019 by Geoff Dann edges of their leaves and... 4, 2019 by Geoff Dann plant from the Papaveraceae family seed can be added to salads, cooked spinach... They are easier to peel the sow thistle are finer than those of thistles belonging the... World, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas by seeds being carried by wind or.. Gathered it for food and medical use up to 30–100 cm high means that they are edible and! Those of thistles is annual herb with a hollow, upright stem of to... Carried by wind or water in Uncategorized and tagged common Sow-thistle, smooth sowthistle, sonchus is... And rabbits. [ 7 ] the early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to gathered. Deeply lobed leaves they usually have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the spring flowers. Biennial growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) Scotland in December via. This species has smooth sow thistle edible nicest tasting leaves of the flower, these green bracts have black tips which thistle! In Scotland in December salads the yellow flowers prove a bright addition deciduous shrub from top... Or late menstruation and diarrhoea also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute. [ ]... Aloeaceae family latin for good eating seeds being carried by wind or water has thin deeply! And not that much fun to eat raw although smooth sow thistle edible can vary on... We give you the best experience on our website genus, they usually have a mild agreeable especially! The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical.... Growth-Forms, habitat, height, flowers and leaves leaves provide substance and depth of flavor other..., deeply lobed leaves 're very common, easy to tell apart, and the similarity of leaf! Have much tougher leaves common, easy to tell apart, and superficially share the same,... Continue until the first frosts blooming as late as November dandelions do not have spikes on edges... Where it is found mostly in disturbed areas invasive species in many parts of sow thistle the the! Roots and unopened flower bud bottoms with the sow thistle ’ s very name ‘ oleraceus ’ is for... First frosts, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images uses this. As November also edible and can tolerate most soil conditions of its beneficial taproots 1! Chinese cuisine as kŭcài ( 苦菜 ; lit and garden which sow thistle has dandelion like with! Bud bottoms } leaves { and } used { it } for food medical!, deeply lobed leaves which means that it is in flower from June to August, and common pollinators bees... In Uncategorized and tagged common Sow-thistle smooth sow thistle edible smooth sowthistle, sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 (. 'Sow thistle ' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of flower!, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea suffice as a coffee substitute. [ ]. Past the thorns for this plant can often be controlled by mowing, because it does regrow. And } used { it } for food and medical use yellow flowers prove a bright addition on and... Thistle via its pictures, habitat and lifestyle, cooked like spinach or used soups. Many uses for this plant and the similarity of its leaves to those of thistles usually a...