This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged common sow-thistle, smooth sowthistle, sonchus oleraceus on March 4, 2019 by Geoff Dann. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. Young leaves provide substance and depth of flavor to other greens, and in salads the yellow flowers prove a bright addition. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Other common names include plaintain lily and funkia. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Leaf dry weight analysis per 100g (likely to vary with growing conditions) shows: 45g Carbohydrate, 28g protein, 22g ash, 5.9g fibre, 4.5g fat; in all, providing 265 calories. Smooth sow thistle produce thousands of seed although this can vary depending on growing conditions. Texas Groundsel leaves wrap around the stem in the same manner as Sow Thistle but its leaves are fuzzy and covered in fine threads, seeming like spider webs. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. Then pulse until chopped and mixed up. The … Texas Groundsel (Senecio ampullaceus) also has flower buds shaped like Sow Thistle but it's buds are yellow and its ray petals are fewer in number but wider than Sow Thistle's. The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. It often disappears during very severe winters. Smooth sow thistle has strong medicinal properties and is high in nutrients including calcium, iron and vitamin C. Food plant of Cattle, deer and rabbits. The flowers also provides a summer nectar source for pollinators It incorporates the leaves of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste that you may enjoy: 25 [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. The Yaqui used the plant as a vegetable, where the "{t}ender, young leaves boiled in salted water with chile and eaten as greens." Cooking sow thistle: Smooth sow thistle salsa If you haven’t tasted sow thistle before, you can try this salsa recipe adapted from Eatweeds. [8] Prefers full sun, and can tolerate most soil conditions. Around here it’s not too hard to find a thistle plant, and our main variety is common Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare). A. barbadensis, A. vulgaris ) is an evergreen succulent perennial plant belonging to the Aloeaceae family. [10][11] In Australia it is a common and widespread invasive species, with large infestations a serious problem in crops. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. This is a video about how to identify Spiny sow thistle, or some just call it Sow thistle, which is a plant in Dandelion family. It is not frost tender. Edible Parts The leaves, flowers and roots are edible. Now chop the tomatoes put in a bowl and spoon out the sow thistle mixture. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to … Etymology The common name refers to the liking of pigs for this plant and the similarity of its leaves to those of thistles. This plant is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas. Prickly Sow-thistle (left) and Smooth Sow-thistle (right) These two extremely unglamorous plants have been occupying my thoughts recently. It’s very name ‘oleraceus’ is latin for good eating. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". Flowering tops of Smooth Sow-thistle /Sonchus oleraceus - the leaves of which are an edible foraged wild green. Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Proudly powered by WordPress We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Sow thistle has dandelion like leaves with toothed edges, groundsel has thin, deeply lobed leaves. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) One plant that looks similar but isn’t safe to feed is wild lettuce (Lactuca serriola), they are easy to tell apart though, wild lettuce has spikes running down the centre of the underside of each leaf, smooth sow thistle on the other hand is smooth. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The first year the plant is j… It is native to Europe and western Asia. Raw Edible Plants. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and … [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Smooth Sow-thistle flowers first appear in May, but you may see this wildflower blooming as late as November. So let's take some time to get better acquainted with the sow thistle. Even the closest lookalikes found here are edible – the sow thistles (Sonchus spp) and sea holly (Eryngium maritimum), so when working with the thistles, you can learn to identify and proceed to experiment with complete Sow thistle could also be confused with Dandelions, and members of the true thistle family, Cirsium, but both of these are edible. But, the reward is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud bottoms. [17], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Management of common sowthistle | Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry | Queensland Government", Tropicos.org: photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, Tropicos.org: line drawing from Flora of Panama, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonchus_oleraceus&oldid=994094401, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:16. In the author's experience the smooth sow-thistle is the one which is most palatable - the leaves of some specimens have turned out to be not overly bitter, but bitter vegetable). In a food processor add the hazelnuts, shredded sow thistle, parsley, garlic, sea salt, olive oil, red Korean chilli flakes. Dandelions do not have spikes on the edges of their leaves, and true thistles have much tougher leaves. The plant below withstood hard frosts, hard frozen ground and snowfall in Scotland in December. The flowers on groundsel have green bracts covering most of the flower, these green bracts have black tips which sow thistle lacks. They're very common, easy to tell apart, and superficially share the same growth-forms, habitat and lifestyle. The flowers are self-fertile. Find the perfect smooth sow thistle stock photo. Smooth sow-thistle flowers mainly from June to August but flowering can start in April and continue until the first frosts. Theme images by. The black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub from the Rosaceae family. Seed that has been saved and dried may be viable for 10 years. Use in herbal medicine Smooth Sow-thistle has been used for a number of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea. 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