Factories were used quite a bit which led to more centralized communities instead of the spread out farms or towns that you would find in New England or Southern Colonies. The Middle Colonies had the most diverse and successful economy of all the colonial regions. The mid-A… Trade in the Colonies - DelawareTrade in the Delaware Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Maryland were also involved in the iron industry and shipbuilding. Trade in the Colonies - New JerseyTrade in the New Jersey Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. The easy access to water in the colony produced a flourishing fishing industry and the rich forests produced the timber for the lumber yards. Trade in the Colonies - South CarolinaTrade in the South Carolina Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products, silk and grapes and raisins. ), Selections from the Economic History of the United States, 1765-1860 (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1909), 16-20. Trade in the Colonies - North CarolinaTrade in the North Carolina Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber including tar, pitch and turpentine, furs, silk, barrel staves and farm products. This lesson provides helpful information on European Relations with Native Americans in the Middle Colonies in the context of Middle Colonies: 1681–1730 to … Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. In the middle colonies, we are respectful of them, and we have managed to keep it that way. Because of it's agriculture, the middle colonies, and more specifically Pennsylvania, were called the Breadbasket of the colonies. There were many fewer families in these colonies, with the exception of the Quakers. The New York colony specialised in their agricultural products and their iron works and ship building industries. This can also be seen in William Penn's letter to the natives, hoping for good relations. The middle colonies experienced economic growth as cities such as New York and Philadelphia became centers of trade. The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. With the rapidly rising population amongst the colonists, the land became more and more of a commodity. Trade in the Colonies - New HampshireTrade in the New Hampshire Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding. The major trade city in Delaware was Wilmington. Their agriculture wheat, corn, dairy and cattle. The Middle Colonies also practiced trade like New England, but typically they were trading raw materials for manufactured items. Trade in the Colonies - GeorgiaTrade in the Georgia Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, barrel staves, pottery, farm products. Considering this, how did the New England colonies differ from the Chesapeake? Trade in the Middle ColoniesThe Middle Colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. The geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming. B? Pennsylvania prospered industries related to iron, paper making, textiles and shipbuilding. The Middle colonies were also a “middle region” between the North and South. Demographics of the Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically diverse British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe—many as indentured servants. Colonists also had the ability to trade for furs and other items from the western Indian tribes and neighboring trappers up north. The Iroquois used their relationship with the colonists to obtain a powerful edge over their rival neighboring Indian tribes. Fish, whale products, ships, timber products, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer. Trade in the Colonies - MarylandTrade in the Maryland Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products. New Amsterdam was located on Manhattan Island and was a mixing pot for a variety of cultures. All of our four colonies has religious freedom. Delaware was able to focus on agriculture and the timber industries together with their ironworks and shipyards. With the high numbers of Quakers, there was not anyone in the area with the knowledge or ability to raise a militia in defense. This gave them a lot of extra resources to go and trade with the natives. They consisted of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Their plantations produced rice, indigo and tobacco. Settlers continuously moved westward, invading the lands of the Indians, despite what diplomatic treaties had been signed. The figures relate to the annual average values for each of the commodity exports. Change ). Other types of Trade in the colonies were determined by the geography - close proximity to the sea and rivers led to the development of the fishing industry. The Quakers played a very large role in the abolitionist movement, working against slavery since the 1600s. Items used for trade in the New England colonies Fish, whale products, ships, timber products, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer. The plantations in Virginia produced quantities of tobacco, rice and corn. They would trade flour, corn, biscuits, and butter as well. Still, port towns continued to boom with trade. The cities that emerged in New York were New York City and Albany. Trade in the Colonies - New YorkTrade in the New York Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. It kept ports in the middle colonies busy and helped to Anglicize the diverse population. A group of Iroquois Indians were bringing animal skins and fur to trade for things like tools and guns. The geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming. Why did Europeans seek a direct route to trade with Asia? The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding. D.Indian demand for European manufactured goods was very high. ( Log Out /  Much of the area was part of New Netherland until the British exerted their control over the region. Refer to Colonial Times for full descriptions of each of the trades, industries and commodities of Colonial America. The natural resources available for trade in the Middle Colonies included good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Hunting in this area was very good, and it was easy to access furs from farther north. Due to the amount of resources, you would find many mills and textile manufacturers. Trade in the Colonies - Natural Resources and Raw MaterialsTrade in the colonies was determined by the climate and also by the different types of soil. There were immense forests and resources throughout the Middle colonies. Triangular Trade - Goods to England The goods that needed to be brought into England from the colonies consisted of raw materials from natural resources found in the New World such as timber, fur, iron, fish, whale oil, sugar, tobacco, rice and cotton. The iron industry was very strong in New Jersey and the iron works in the colony did well. The 13 colonies of what became the United States of America can be grouped into three geographic regions: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. The Middle Colonies also practiced trade like New England, but typically they were trading raw materials for manufactured items. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Farming was an important trade in the colonies and the choice of crops was dictated by these two critical elements. Their plantations produced rice, indigo and tobacco. The first areas settled were along the Hudson River in what was then known as New Netherland and what is now known as New York. A few traits that are specific to the Quakers are their simple living and strong work ethic. The natural resources available for trade in the colonies of New England included fish, whales and forests. The middle colonies were primarily a farming community. The middle colonies contained Native American tribes of Algonkian and Iroquois language groups as well as a sizable percentage of African slaves during the early years. The Trade of the Middle Colonies SOURCE: Peter Kalm, Travels into North America (1749), 1, 253-8; 243-5; reprinted in Guy Stevens Callender (ed. Relationships with the Indians did not remain good for long. The natural resources also impacted trade in the colonies. Horse breeding also featured as a large industry. It was started by a man named George Fox. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, hemp, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding. C.Chinese merchants would only trade directly with Europeans. The triangle trade route was the most cost effective way that the English government could find to move goods with total control. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. So, if for no other reason, why not come to the Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Trade in the Massachusetts Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in fish, timber, furs, wool, leather, whale products, ships and livestock. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource. The middle colonies were sandwiched between the Southern Colonies and New England. Towns emerged in Massachusetts including Salem, Gloucester, Marblehead, and Boston. People tried to establish colonies in Virginia many times. The major trade cities in Connecticut were New Haven and Hartford. The fur trade was very popular in the Middle colonies and was another one of their main exports. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. They were by far the most diverse colony, more so than the New England Colonies or the Southern Colonies. A.They wanted to bypass their Muslim rivals in the Middle East. The triangular trade route included Africa where slaves were treated as human commodities. Trade in the Colonies - Rhode IslandTrade in the Rhode Island Colony used their large variety of natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in fish, timber, furs, ships, and livestock including cattle. Trade in the Colonies - Top 10 Commodity Exports from the 13 colonies The Top 10 commodity exports from the 13 colonies in the 1770's are detailed below. Trade in the Colonies - Massachusetts The early colonists concentrated on farming and fishing but as time passed more lucrative markets were found and the colony became highly industrialized. England adopted trade policies that favored the flow of wealth from the colonies to the mother country (England). Farmers grew grain and raised livestock. Pennsylvania was growing at a particularly rapid rate. The Middle Colonies had a trading post, where they traded with the Indians. Trade in the Colonies ChartThe following chart details the Trade in the colonies of New England, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. That part was perfectly normal. Interesting Facts and information about Trade in the Colonies, Fast Facts and info about Trade in the Colonies, The Trade in the Colonies article is a great history resource for kids, Social Studies Homework help for kids on Trade in the Colonies, Trade in the Colonies - Colonial America - America - Facts - Great Britain - Colonists - England - English - Colony - Colonies - History - Kids - American Native Indians - US - Summary - Definition - Interesting - Information - Info - Events - Short - Kids - Children - Studies - US - United States - America - USA - French - English - British - Years - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - Kids - Famous - Events - Colonial America - Trade in the Colonies. The sawmills, shipyards and warehouses played a prominent role in the colony. Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies targeted people who wanted to practice their own religion (mainly Pennsylvania). The Iroquois spent a lot of time raiding tribes to the north, who hunted the beaver. Eventually the colonists began fighting back using the same raiding and murdering methods the Indians used on them. ( Log Out /  The Middle Colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. Southerners had a guaranteed market for their tobacco, rice and indigo. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The major trade town that emerged in South Carolina was Charleston. In the 1760s, a Frenchman visiting New York approached a trading post when he saw something unusual. Each one prospered by trade in the colonies. Irquois was a Native American tribe. Agriculture fared better in Connecticut than the other New England colonies due more favorable conditions and the colonists produced corn and wheat, using the mills to produce flour. For the Indians, they had to deal with Pennsylvania’s growth in addition to the French claiming lands from the north. Trade in the ColoniesThe original 13 colonies were divided into the New England, Middle and Southern regions. However, there were many, many cultures represented in the Middle Colonies. Trade in the Colonies - PennsylvaniaTrade in the Pennsylvania Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Middle Colonies. Refer to Colonial Times for full descriptions of each of the trades and industries of Colonial America. Many people would exchange slave labor for debt or take on tenants who would work for them. American colonies, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in the area that is now a part of the eastern United States. The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops. The Middle Colonies for Kids: The Breadbasket colonies The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. New York was originally called New Netherland. ( Log Out /  These rivers were very important in providing transportation and trade routes. When Britain over-ran the French, the Indians in the area had to give over a large parcel of land and acknowledge Britain as the sovereignty in the New World. In addition to the river routes, there were a lot of trails and pathways through the forests and hills that were only known to the Natives. B.They wanted to purchase tea and spices when they were freshest. The Native tribes were responsible for teaching the colonists about the massive amounts of rivers that flowed through the Middle Colonies. They were unusual, however, for their degree … How did the Middle Colonies make their money? The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey , New York , Pennsylvania , and Delaware . Also refer to Colonialism. The map shows raw materials and natural resources found in the 13 colonies were traded for manufactured products (finished goods) from England. They showed these to the colonists, enabling them to learn more about the area and navigate around without the need for a constant Indian guide. Of course, Great Britain liked this exclusive trade… The English colonies of New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), Pennsylvania (PA) and Delaware (DE) are referred to as the 'middle colonies'. That occurs because the colonies could ONLY get their tea from English shippers and merchants, and the tea was heavily taxed. The tea had come from Asia, the sugar was fro… Indians began raiding and murdering many colonists throughout Pennsylvania, where there was little to no military resistance. The Quakers were a religious group who branched off from Christianity in the 1600s. Start studying The Middle Colonies Trade in New England. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. Trade in the Colonies - VirginiaTrade in the Virginia Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products, vegetables, clay and bricks. ( Log Out /  On the other hand, the Chesapeake colonies economy focused almost exclusively on the production and export of tobacco and a few other cash crops. As the colonists approached the American Revolution, it became the meeting spot for revolutionaries. Trade in the Middle Colonies included corn, wheat, livestock, lumber, and furs. The geography of the Southern Colonies featured fertile soil, hilly coastal plains, forests, long rivers and swamp areas. The middle colonies based their economy on the planting of wheat, and trade. The New England colonies had a more diverse economy which included shipping, lumber, and export of food crops. Their plantations produced sugar, rice, indigo and tobacco. Their plantations produced cotton, rice, indigo and tobacco. Some of the items made in factories were cloth, glass, and paper. Trade in the Colonies - MercantilismMercantilism was based on the benefits of profitable trading. Both tribes were very friendly to the white and welcomed trade with the colonists in the beginning. They brewed themselves some tea, sweetened it with sugar and drank it from porcelain cups. Area dominated by larger farms than N.E., smaller than the S.; still there is an emphasis on subsistence rather than cash crops. The Middle Colonies were not as cohesive as the New England colonies because colonists in this region were not united by single religion or code of beliefs. The Middle Colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. Trade in the Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. This article on Trade in the Colonies of Colonial America provides facts and information about: History of trade, plantations, colonialism and colonization in the 13 Colonies, Trade in the Colonies: Colonialism, Triangular Trade, Mercantilism, Trade, Industries and Plantations. Trade in the Colonies was made possible by the their surplus of raw materials. They exchanged furs and other things with them. The natural resources available for trade in the Southern Colonies included Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land, farming on plantations was important. A lot of areas were great for ports. Other industries included the production of iron ore, hemp, iron bars, horses, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding. Trade in the Middle Colonies included exported agricultural products and natural resources, imported European manufactured goods, but never developed triangular trade routes. The French and Indian War, otherwise known as the Seven Year War between the French and British, affected the middle colonies extensively. Beginning in 1609, Dutch traders explored and established fur trading posts on the Hudson River , Delaware River , and Connecticut River , seeking to protect their interests in the fur trade. While there was beaver in the area of the middle colonies, it was much more plentiful up north. As the colonies developed in the south, cheap slave labor was needed to produce cotton and other The Southern Colonies consisted of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The colonies grew both geographically and numerically from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). They raised livestock and grew a lot of grains to export to England and neighboring colonies. The strange part was when the Indians sat down to wait. The major trade town that emerged in Georgia was Savannah. With the power, the Iroquois no longer had to trade for the beaver; they could take it by force. Why are you waiting to go Also, the Indian numbers in this area began to grow as Indians from the south that lost their homes relocated. Towns and trade cities that emerged in Pennsylvania were Philadelphia, Lancaster and York. Another focus of the middle colony economy was ship building. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. William Penn was the Quaker who started the colony in Pennsylvania after being sent away from New Amsterdam. Trade in the Colonies - Triangular TradeTriangular trade is a term that describes Atlantic trade routes between three different countries. While the Middle Colonies had far more industry than the Southern Colonies, they still did not rival the industry of New England. The Iroquois wasted no time in acquiring metal for their weapons to replace stone and wood, as well as English firearms. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. According to the History Channel, in 1664 King Charles II gave his brother, the Duke of York, the territory located between New England and Virginia. The colony of Maryland was established in 1634 to create B. a place where English Catholics could be safe. Items used for trade in the Southern Colonies colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products many of which were produced on the Slave Plantations. The Iroquois traded some of this beaver to the colonists, whom they taught about its useful properties. While they did not use these firearms initially against the colonists, they were very helpful during raids they planned against the other tribes who had none. Philadelphia was the main city in the Middle Colonies. The trade towns and cities that emerged in Virginia were Jamestown, Williamsburg and Richmond. The sawmills, shipyards, tanneries and warehouses played a prominent role in the colony. This could not be said of the middle colonies. Trade in the Colonies - ConnecticutTrade in the Connecticut Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in fish, timber, furs, dried meat, rum, ships and livestock. The Middle colonies were settled mostly by the Dutch and the Swedish travelers. The different products used for trade in the colonies are described in this article. The Middle colonies sent many of their exports to Philadelphia or Boston, where they would exchange with the New England colonists or set sail for Britain. Along with the Chesapeake Colonies, this area now roughly makes up the Mid-Atlantic states. Timber and seeds were often sent over to Britain. The policy of Mercantilism favored England because the raw materials from the colonies were used to make different products in England - finished goods have a higher value than raw materials. One important event that happened in the Middle Colonies during the colonial period was the Zenger Trial in 1735. The Middle Colonies relationship was mostly with the Irquois. The trade cities that emerged in New Jersey were Princeton and Trenton. Trade in the Colonies of New EnglandThe Colonies of New England consisted of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. The trade cities that emerged in Maryland were Annapolis and Baltimore. The beaver was a high commodity because it could be used for everything including weapons, pelts, food and tools. Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. The neighboring Native tribes were the Iroquois and the Delaware. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, bricks, apples, beer and wine, textiles, rope, furs and shipbuilding. Other industries included . New York was originally called New Netherland. Trade in the Southern ColoniesThe Southern Colonies consisted of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 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