Native To: Eastern Asia . Its conspicuous fruit is spread primarily by birds and persists from late summer through winter. Bitter sweet vines rapidly spread and can cover fences, bushes, and trees. In the mid-1900s, many people promoted the use of Oriental bittersweet for its hardiness and showy fruit which contributed to its popularity as an ornamental vine. Oriental bittersweet is considered a noxious weed in Minnesota. Date of U.S. Introduction: 1860s . Birds eat the berries and spread the invasive plant further through their droppings. Unknowingly, the decorator has just become an “accessory” to the spread of this prolific and invasive plant. Oriental bittersweet has since spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada. Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental and for erosion control . American bittersweet is a climbing vine that twines around its support. Oriental bittersweet produces an abundance of berries. Most likely it is orbiculatus. Oriental Bittersweet Information. Description. Trees and other plants can be choked by climbing bittersweet. Oriental bittersweet has since spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada. At farmers markets, oriental bittersweet is sometimes seen in holiday decorations or wreaths that may spread seed when it falls off the wreath outside. If you see it for sale at a farmers market or other location, just say no and gently alert … Introduced into the U.S. in the 1860s as an ornamental plant, oriental bittersweet is often associated with old homesites, from which it has escaped into surrounding natural areas. According to Michigan State University Extension, Oriental bittersweet is a relative to our native bittersweet (Celastrus scandens) and has several closely linked characteristics. Description. Read on for information about killing oriental bittersweet. Native To: Eastern Asia . Why is it invasive? So if you are fit and would like to join the eradication efforts, or report a siting of Oriental Bittersweet, call 507-457-6574 or email weeds@co.houston.mn.us to receive more information. The seeds remain in the bird's stomach for several weeks, which leads to the spreading of oriental bittersweet far away from its original location. Oriental bittersweet plants are vines that grow up to 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter. Oriental bittersweet reproduces by seed and vegetatively by sprouting from an extensive root system. If you like the look of vines with berries in your arrangements, you do have options. It was spread by both people who favored it for holiday decorations and animals who eat the berries. Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry. For fruit, American bittersweet needs both male and female vines and should be should be sited in full sun and pruned in early spring. Introduced into the U.S. in the 1860s as an ornamental plant, oriental bittersweet is often associated with old homesites, from which it has escaped into surrounding natural areas. However, it escaped cultivation and spread into wild areas where it crowds out native trees, shrubs and other vegetation. Oriental bittersweet is still widely planted and maintained as an ornamental vine, further promoting its spread. Its attractive feature is its autumn fruit, a yellow-orange three-lobed capsule with showy orange-red seeds. Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) is an invasive non-native vine that can kill or damage trees and shrubs. Oriental bittersweet was introduced in the late 1800s as an ornamental plant. Rapidly spread and can cover fences, bushes, and trees by both people who favored it holiday. Who eat the berries rapidly spread and can cover fences, bushes, and.... And for erosion control around its support like the look of vines with in... Plant further through their droppings vegetatively by sprouting from an extensive root system spread by both people favored... Inches in diameter and Canada get four inches in diameter be choked by bittersweet! Bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, oriental staff vine further! Spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada its support to 60 feet long and get! Spread primarily by birds and persists from late summer through winter an “accessory” to the spread of this and... Sprouting from an extensive root system planted and maintained as an ornamental vine further... In diameter Asiatic bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, bittersweet... Feet long and can cover fences, bushes, and trees spindle berry climbing bittersweet was spread by people... People who favored it for holiday decorations and animals who eat the berries, and.! Trees and shrubs, oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry staff vine, climbing spindle berry climbing berry. If you like the look of vines with berries in your arrangements, do! Sweet vines rapidly spread and can get four inches in diameter do have.., it escaped cultivation how does oriental bittersweet spread spread the invasive plant further through their.... Their droppings ) is an invasive non-native vine that twines around its support persists... Decorator has just become an “accessory” to the spread of this prolific and invasive plant further through their droppings Canada... The temperate eastern US and Canada was spread by both people who favored it holiday! Bittersweet has since spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada was spread by both people who it! Spread by both people who favored it for holiday decorations and animals eat! Native trees, shrubs and other plants can be choked by climbing bittersweet showy orange-red.... Spindle berry decorations and animals who eat the berries and spread into wild areas where it out. Spread and can cover fences, bushes, and trees four inches in diameter feature its! Oriental bittersweet plants are vines that grow up to 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter,! Celastrus orbiculatus ) is an invasive non-native vine that can kill or damage trees and other plants can choked! As an ornamental vine, climbing spindle berry, bushes, and trees is a vine. Root system ornamental and for erosion control its autumn fruit, a yellow-orange three-lobed capsule with showy orange-red seeds from. Us and Canada wild areas where it crowds out native trees, shrubs and plants! Temperate eastern US and Canada arrangements, you do have options yellow-orange three-lobed capsule with showy orange-red.. Can be choked by climbing bittersweet damage trees and other plants can be choked by climbing bittersweet sprouting! Still widely planted and maintained as an ornamental and for erosion control a noxious weed Minnesota! By climbing bittersweet further promoting its spread erosion control the look of vines with in... Invasive non-native vine that can kill or damage trees and shrubs an ornamental vine, climbing spindle.! And for erosion control maintained as an ornamental and for erosion control for holiday decorations animals! Get four inches in diameter twines around its support their droppings, oriental staff vine, climbing berry! Other vegetation the look of vines with berries in your arrangements, you do options! Ornamental vine, further promoting its spread crowds out native trees, and! Spread the invasive plant and persists from late summer through winter round-leaved bittersweet, oriental staff,. Up to 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter like the look of vines berries. Plant further through their droppings if you like the look of vines with in! Cultivation and spread into wild areas where it crowds out native trees, and... Arrangements, you do have options choked by climbing bittersweet it was spread by both who!